第一周 Introduction to Public Speaking 公共演讲入门

第一章测试

1、Which of the following is NOT one of the great English speakers in the history of the last one hundred years?
    A、Winston Churchil.
    B、Adam Smith.
    C、Martin Luther King.
    D、none of the above

2、To draw audience’s attention, a good speaker always shows _______ to/for his/her speech.
    A、passion
    B、indifference
    C、a craze
    D、none of the above

3、What channel did Winston Churchill employ when making speech during the Second World War?
    A、Radio.
    B、Television.
    C、Internet.
    D、none of the above

4、Without the nutritious base of_______, a good speech is impossible to occur.
    A、critical thinking
    B、culture
    C、logic
    D、none of the above

5、Cicero, the greatest speech maker in ancient Rome, felt _______ when making a speech.
    A、easy
    B、confident
    C、nervous
    D、none of the above

6、According to a professional speech consultant, _______ can reduce stage fright by up to 75 percent.
    A、rich experience
    B、preparation
    C、confidence
    D、none of the above

7、Mr. Roosevelt was a very ethical speaker because_______.
    A、he was paralyzed
    B、he gave speech
    C、he managed to stand up and made a speech for his country
    D、none of the above

8、To get the attention and interest of the audience, you can take the following methods except_______.
    A、posing a question
    B、telling a story
    C、making a long statement
    D、none of the above

9、We can present the main points by employing the following orders except _______.
    A、chronological order
    B、topical order
    C、alphabetical order
    D、none of the above

10、The right postures of making a speech include the following except_______.
    A、hanging your arms loosely by your side
    B、planting your feet widely
    C、looking over your audience and smiling
    D、none of the above

第二周 Speech Preparation: Getting Started 演讲准备:起始部分

第二章测试

1、If you have served as a volunteer teacher, probably you can talk about_______.
    A、your love for music
    B、your experience of being a volunteer teacher
    C、your findings during the travel
    D、none of the above

2、Which of the following is NOT one of the three general purposes of public speech?
    A、To inform.
    B、To persuade.
    C、To criticize.
    D、none of the above

3、It’s important to prevent your purpose from_______.
    A、being general
    B、being clear
    C、being specific
    D、none of the above

4、Many experienced speakers consider _________ “ the very life of speeches”.
    A、examples
    B、statistics
    C、testimony
    D、none of the above

5、___________ is an example that describes an imaginary or fictitious situation.
    A、A hypothetical example
    B、An extended example
    C、A brief example
    D、none of the above

6、Lord Kelvin once said “When you can measure what you are speaking about, and express it in _______, you know something about it.”
    A、examples
    B、numbers
    C、testimony
    D、none of the above

7、Which of the following sources may not be considered reliable or trustworthy when a speaker cites statistics from them?
    A、government websites
    B、personal blogs
    C、academic institutions
    D、none of the above

8、In your speech you include the statement made by a top student in your class to illustrate the importance of study habits, this kind of testimony is called _______.
    A、expert testimony
    B、celebrity testimony
    C、peer testimony
    D、none of the above

9、Without an eye to observe and a mind to do real thinking, you cannot find the most suitable topic. _______.

10、“To impose legal measures and moral criticism on domestic violence” is no more instructive than “domestic violence”. _______.

第四周 Speech Preparation: Organizing and Outlining (2) 演讲准备:组织和设计(2)

第三章测试

1、A good speaker always organizes his speech in a/an _____ way so that the audience can follow his ideas from beginning to end.
    A、random
    B、orderly
    C、emotional
    D、none of the above

2、Chronological order is a method of speech organization in which the main points follow a _____ pattern.
    A、spatial
    B、topical
    C、none of the above
    D、time

3、Comparatively speaking, the solution part is _____ the problem part in problem-solution order.
    A、as important as
    B、less important than
    C、more important than
    D、none of the above

4、According to the lecture, which of the following might NOT be the effect of insufficient sleep?
    A、Increased mistakes
    B、Irritability
    C、none of the above
    D、Optimism

5、A good beginning _____.
    A、prepares listeners for what is to come
    B、doesn’t tell listeners the main idea of the speech
    C、contributes little to the effect of the whole speech
    D、none of the above

6、A good conclusion _____.
    A、continues to discuss on the topic with presenting more points
    B、alerts listeners that the speech is going to end
    C、none of the above
    D、ends the speech abruptly

7、Which of the following statements is NOT correct?
    A、People all enjoy stories.
    B、Stories are attractive if they are provocative, amusing, dramatic or suspenseful.
    C、Stories may not be relevant to the topic if they are very interesting and funny.
    D、none of the above

8、An outline can help you do the following EXCEPT .
    A、group your ideas into main points and see their logical connections.
    B、ensure that ideas flow from one to another.
    C、ensure that you will stand straight on the stage.
    D、none of the above

9、Which of the following is NOT included in the preparation outline?
    A、the introduction, body and conclusion
    B、the title, specific purpose and central idea
    C、pauses and loudness of your voice
    D、none of the above

10、Why do we need to label the introduction, body and conclusion?
    A、Because this helps the outline look better.
    B、Because this marks each as a distinct part of the speech.
    C、Because this establishes your credibility.
    D、none of the above

第五周 Presenting the Speech 演讲的传达

第四章测试

1、Which of the following is NOT a reason for the speaker to use language clearly?
    A、A speaker’s meaning must be immediately comprehensible because listeners cannot turn to a dictionary to discover their meaning.
    B、A speaker’s meaning must be immediately comprehensible because listeners are far from the speaker.
    C、A speaker’s meaning must be immediately comprehensible because listeners cannot reread an author’s words to discover their meaning.
    D、none of the above

2、What words can ensure that the ordinary listeners understand easily?
    A、short, old words
    B、big, bloated words
    C、technical terms
    D、none of the above

3、Which statement is NOT correct about concrete words?
    A、none of the above
    B、Concrete words are words that you can see, feel, hear, smell, touch and taste.
    C、“Honesty,” “pride,” and “patriotism” are concrete words.
    D、Concrete words refer to tangible objects—people, places, and things.

4、What is NOT regarded as a way to achieve vividness in public speaking?
    A、Articulation
    B、Imagery
    C、Rhythm
    D、none of the above

5、Which of the following statement is NOT correct about a good delivery?
    A、A good delivery should be direct, animated, lively and expressive.
    B、A good delivery combines a certain degree of formality with the best attributes of good conversation—directness, spontaneity, animation, vocal and facial expressiveness and a lively sense of communication.
    C、A good delivery is informal and resembles casual conversation.
    D、none of the above

6、The 3-step method to help organize an impromptu speech includes: 1) State the point you wish to make; 2) Support your point with evidence and reasoning and 3) .
    A、Summarize your point
    B、Add humor to your conclusion
    C、Summarize your evidence
    D、none of the above

7、Which of the following is NOT an advantages of speaking extemporaneously?
    A、It gives more precise control over thought and language than impromptu speaking.
    B、It offers greater spontaneity and directness than speaking from memory and reading from manuscript.
    C、It relieves the speaker of the burden of speaking in front of a large audience.
    D、none of the above

8、Which of the following graphs are usually used to compare proportions?
    A、Bar graphs.
    B、Line graphs.
    C、Pie graphs.
    D、Pictorial graphs.

9、Which of the following is not recommended when you prepare text slides?
    A、Choose a typeface that is simple and easy to read.
    B、Avoid a lot of different colors.
    C、Use all capital letters to emphasize a long sentence.
    D、Use a contrasting color or bold print to emphasize a word or phrase.

10、________ show more clearly whether values are increasing or decreasing over time.
    A、Line graphs.
    B、Bar graphs.
    C、Pie graphs.
    D、Pictorial graphs.

第八周 Varieties of Public Speaking (3)各类公共演讲(3)

第五章测试

1、When you want to inform your audience about the history of Feminist Movement, you would most probably arrange it in ________ order.
    A、topical
    B、problem-solution
    C、causal
    D、chronological

2、The Greek philosopher______ identifies three fundamental strategies for persuading an audience:Ethos, Logos and Pathos.
    A、Socrates
    B、Plato
    C、Aristotle
    D、none of the above

3、Questions of fact are based on whether a particular topic is _________.
    A、none of the above
    B、true or not true
    C、right or wrong
    D、should or should not

4、Mo Yan made a speech at the Nobel Banquet in the Stockholm City Hall to accept the Nobel Prize in 2012, and his speech is ______.
    A、a speech of introduction
    B、a speech of acceptance
    C、a speech of presentation
    D、a commemorative speech

5、Suppose Mo Yan, the Nobel laureate for Literature, is going to deliver a speech in your university. Then his speech is ______.
    A、a speech of introduction
    B、an acceptance speech
    C、a speech of presentation
    D、none of the above

6、The competitions that we have discussed in this chapter do NOT include ______.
    A、"FLTRP Cup" English Public Speaking Contest
    B、“21 Century Cup” National English Speaking Competition
    C、“Star of Outlook” English Talent Competition
    D、National English Competition for College Students

7、The online contest of "FLTRP Cup" English Public Speaking Contest includes the following parts except ______.
    A、a 3-minute video of prepared speech
    B、response to questions through a video call
    C、role-play
    D、an online voting

8、Who is NOT mentioned in this lecture as well-known debaters?
    A、Zhuge Liang
    B、Confucius
    C、Zhang Yi
    D、none of the above

9、From Socrates’ debate with his students, we know that _____.
    A、we should define what is good and what is evil according to different situations.
    B、good people never cheat others.
    C、we should not steal away our friend’s tool when he is committing suicide.
    D、none of the above

10、An informative speech aims to convey knowledge and understanding.

期末考试

1、As a responsible public speaker, it is necessary to face the cultural diversity with_______.
    A、appropriate attitudes
    B、extreme attitudes
    C、negative attitudes
    D、none of the above

2、Who delivered a speech that contributed a lot to China’s winning the privilege of hosting the 2008 Summer Olympic Games?
    A、Yang Lan.
    B、Ma Yun.
    C、Yu Minhong.
    D、none of the above

3、What kind of roll does a speaker play in the speech process?
    A、The originator of a message that is transmitted to your audience.
    B、The information a speaker communicates to his or her audience.
    C、The means by which a message is communicated.
    D、none of the above

4、_______ refers to the time and place in which a speech communication occurs.
    A、Message
    B、Channel
    C、Situation
    D、none of the above

5、Listeners show agreement with your remark by _______.
    A、smiling and nodding their heads
    B、frowning
    C、sitting with their arms folded
    D、none of the above

6、Listeners show verbal feedback by _______.
    A、smiling and nodding their heads
    B、asking questions or making comments during a lecture
    C、frowning and sitting with their arms folded
    D、none of the above

7、The six elements in a speech communication process involve_______.
    A、speaker, message, channel, listener, feedback and situation
    B、speaker, message, channel, listener, feedback and purpose
    C、speaker, message, channel, listener, influence and situation
    D、none of the above

8、At the beginning of the speech made at Peking University, Bill Gates brought up the example of _______.
    A、American Table Tennis Team
    B、Chinese Tennis Team
    C、Chinese Table Tennis Team
    D、none of the above

9、Bill Gates’ speech showed his_______.
    A、deep understanding on Chinese culture
    B、little understanding on Chinese culture
    C、deep understanding on Chinese art
    D、none of the above

10、The process of constructing an English speech is exactly a process of_______.
    A、thinking
    B、preparing
    C、critical thinking
    D、none of the above

11、Nervousness is a _______ reaction of our body on “emergency”.
    A、frequent
    B、normal
    C、abnormal
    D、none of the above

12、The methods to reduce nervousness do NOT include_______.
    A、acquiring enough speaking experience
    B、thinking positively
    C、making little preparation
    D、none of the above

13、The more _______ public speaker you become, and the less nervous you will be.
    A、confident
    B、arrogant
    C、anxious
    D、none of the above

14、The best way to show respect to audience is to_______.
    A、be well-prepared
    B、be confident
    C、be honest
    D、none of the above

15、An ethical speaker should reject the following behaviors except_______.
    A、plagiarism
    B、stereotyping and scapegoating
    C、anti-discrimination
    D、none of the above

16、Serious sex discrimination leads to massive raping cases in_______.
    A、Nanjing
    B、Rwanda
    C、India
    D、none of the above

17、If a speaker thinks women should be housewives and take care of children, then he/she would be accused of _______.
    A、being stereotyped
    B、plagiarizing
    C、scapegoating
    D、none of the above

18、Your speech could be welcomed and accepted by your audience only if it is _______.
    A、creative
    B、ethically correct
    C、logical
    D、none of the above

19、The audience would be very interested in further listening to a speech with_______.
    A、a good conclusion
    B、an interesting opening
    C、a tedious statement
    D、none of the above

20、Which one cannot describe the relationship between the introduction and the subject of speech?
    A、Direct connection.
    B、Indirect connection.
    C、Loose connection.
    D、none of the above

21、After the introduction, we need to _______.
    A、give further introduction
    B、come to a conclusion
    C、select the main ideas of the speech
    D、none of the above

22、The self-introduction speech of Diana also took a _______order.
    A、topical
    B、chronological
    C、spatial
    D、none of the above

23、When finishing discussing your final point, you will be ready to move into_______.
    A、introduction
    B、conclusion
    C、body
    D、none of the above

24、When speaking, a speaker needs some notes to remind himself/herself of the points, which should consist of _______.
    A、key words
    B、complete sentences
    C、the whole passage
    D、none of the above

25、We can ask friends or family members to listen to our rehearsal, because_______.
    A、they can give constructive feedback
    B、they can provide no suggestions
    C、they are willing to listen to our speech
    D、none of the above

26、When making a speech, it’s _______ to plan all your gestures ahead of time.
    A、necessary
    B、significant
    C、unnecessary
    D、none of the above

27、You could establish _______ with your audience through verbal language and body language.
    A、faith
    B、connection
    C、friendship
    D、none of the above

28、When you are interested in a speech topic that you know little about, then you should_______.
    A、do little reading about it
    B、research about it
    C、try it without any preparation
    D、none of the above

29、There are two methods to make a brainstorm, so which of the following is NOT involved?
    A、Personal inventory.
    B、Making a research.
    C、Clustering.
    D、none of the above

30、Brainstorm is a method to fully employ brain power and create intellectual thunder and lightning so as to generate many ideas_______.
    A、quickly and uncritically
    B、quickly and critically
    C、slowly and uncritically
    D、none of the above

31、Relatively, the speeches aimed to inform or persuade appear _______ the speeches to entertain.
    A、more often than
    B、less than
    C、as frequent as
    D、none of the above

32、When your general purpose is to inform, your aim is_______.
    A、to enhance knowledge and understanding of your listeners
    B、to entertain your listeners
    C、to persuade your listeners into doing something
    D、none of the above

33、If your speech topic is “Stopping Domestic Violence”, your general purpose is_______.
    A、to inform your audience of the harm of domestic violence
    B、to win over your listeners to your point of view
    C、to encourage your audience to face domestic violence bravely
    D、none of the above

34、Using a question to express your specific purpose would_______.
    A、nlighten your audience
    B、tell no content of your purpose
    C、provide the same function of a statement
    D、none of the above

35、_______ is usually expressed as a simple, declarative sentence that refines and sharpens the specific purpose statement.
    A、Argument
    B、Evidence
    C、central idea
    D、none of the above

36、Speech to entertain probably contains _______.
    A、some satire or mockery
    B、some information that audience don’t know
    C、the present situation of a social problem
    D、none of the above

37、Al Gore’s documentary film “An Inconvenient Truth” is largely __________ because Al Gore creates a situation about what the world would look like if we didn’t take actions to protect our planet
    A、a hypothetical exampl
    B、an extended example
    C、a brief example
    D、none of the above

38、Aristotle once said, “There are only two parts to a speech: you make a statement and you prove it.” by which he means that a good speech is composed of _____________
    A、a statement and supporting ideas
    B、a statement and solid evidence
    C、a statement and interesting stories
    D、none of the above

39、__________ are used show the magnitude or seriousness of an issue.
    A、multiple statistics
    B、single statistics
    C、testimony
    D、none of the above

40、Brief examples, also called_________, may be referred to in passing to illustrate a point.
    A、specific instances
    B、single statistics
    C、single numbers
    D、none of the above

41、Imagine this: Your father has been stricken with serious heart disease. At the hospital, you learn he has a chance to survive--- if he can receive a heart transplant. But there are no heart donors available. Your father is one of the 1.5 million Chinese each year who need an organ transplant but cannot get one because of a shortage of donors. What example is used here in this short passage?
    A、A brief example
    B、An extended example
    C、A hypothetical example
    D、none of the above

42、Last year China’s saving rate was 54 percent of GDP, according to China Daily. The U.S. rate, including households and corporations, was a mere 12 percent of GDP. What kind of statistics are used in the statement.
    A、Single statistics
    B、Multiple statistics
    C、Various statistics
    D、none of the above

43、______is a quotation or a paraphrase used to support a point in a speech.
    A、Testimony
    B、An example
    C、A statistic
    D、none of the above

44、If you quote Stephen Hawking in your speech to support your point, the quotation from Stephen Hawking is ________.
    A、expert testimony
    B、peer testimony
    C、celebrity testimony
    D、none of the above

45、_____ can make ideas become specific, personal and lively.
    A、Statistics
    B、Examples
    C、Testimony
    D、none of the above

46、_______are most suitable for telling the exciting moments of a game, the vivid details of a story, or the horrific scenes of an accident.
    A、Statistics
    B、Examples
    C、Testimony
    D、none of the above

47、When you explain statistical findings in your speech, it is better to use _______ to ensure that the audience can better understand them.
    A、acoustic effects
    B、visual aids
    C、special effects
    D、none of the above

48、Chronological order is also used to _____.
    A、explain a process and demonstrate how to do something.
    B、explain the causes and reasons.
    C、explain how to solve a problem.
    D、none of the above

49、In which of the following topics is NOT chronological order applicable?
    A、My first job interview
    B、The development of aerospace engineering in China
    C、The benefits of learning history
    D、none of the above

50、Problem-solution order is a method of speech organization in which the speaker _____.
    A、presents a workable solution to a problem.
    B、explores the reasons which lead to the results.
    C、makes comparison between two things.
    D、none of the above

51、If you are going to give speeches on the following three topics, in which speech will you use problem-solution order?
    A、The major stages of the May Fourth Movement
    B、The major causes of airplane crashes
    C、Yoga----an effective way of relieving neck pain
    D、none of the above

52、Which of the following statements is NOT the correct description of problem-solution pattern?
    A、It should relieve the listeners’ stress which might be caused by the problem.
    B、The speaker must exaggerate the seriousness of the problem so that the listeners will be attracted by the speech.
    C、The speaker should make good preparation for his speech and offer workable solutions to content the listeners.
    D、none of the above

53、The cause-effect order doesn’t include the ____ pattern.
    A、cause to cause
    B、cause to effect
    C、effect to cause
    D、none of the above

54、According to the video clip in 7.3, which of the following is the fundamental reason of traffic jams?
    A、The coordination of cars
    B、Cars
    C、Narrow roads
    D、none of the above

55、To which of the following topics is cause-effect order applicable?
    A、The process of producing a mini play
    B、What does the Two-child policy bring to China?
    C、Where there is a will, there is a way.
    D、none of the above

56、If the speech “The benefits of reading” is organized in topical order, which of the following should NOT be included as one of the main points?
    A、Reading is an activity that involves not only intensive reading but also extensive reading.
    B、Reading enriches our life experience.
    C、Reading helps us form a larger framework of knowledge.
    D、none of the above

57、If you are asked to add a point to the speech in the video clip in 7.4, which of the following is NOT proper?
    A、Number four, remember that hardships and misfortunes are treasure for you to learn something valuable from.
    B、Number four, make friends with those who are optimistic.
    C、Number four, being optimistic is important for your career development.
    D、none of the above

58、In most speech situations, the objective of an introduction is to _____.
    A、surprise the audience
    B、startle the audience
    C、get the attention and interest of your audience
    D、none of the above

59、In the second video clip in 8.1, what story did the speaker tell at the beginning of her speech?
    A、Her personal story of organizing a party.
    B、Her personal story of being a leader successfully.
    C、Her personal story of running for the Congress.
    D、none of the above

60、Using quotations by Shakespeare or Confucius may ______ to what you want to say.
    A、add more power
    B、add more risk
    C、add more burden
    D、none of the above

61、Using questions in the introduction is an effective way of beginning a speech in that _____.
    A、Questions are of great attraction.
    B、Questions are attractive only to children.
    C、Questions create more problems.
    D、none of the above

62、Which of the following questions is NOT included in the first video clip in 8.3?
    A、Have you ever spent a sleepless night writing a report for your boss?
    B、Do you often feel overwhelmed by all the things you have to get done?
    C、Do you sometimes suffer from procrastination?
    D、none of the above

63、What is the word that has changed our world according to the second video clip in 8.3?
    A、Dream
    B、Speech
    C、Ambition
    D、none of the above

64、What does NOT a speaker do to state the importance of a topic at the beginning of a speech?
    A、Providing striking statistics.
    B、Relieving audience’s stress.
    C、Providing facts.
    D、none of the above

65、In the second video clip in 8.4, the speaker tells the audience the importance of _____ in school education.
    A、relation
    B、friendship
    C、Persistence
    D、none of the above

66、Which of the following is NOT the function of conclusion in a speech?
    A、To tell the audience what you say is true.
    B、To let the audience know you are ending the speech.
    C、To reinforce the audience’s understanding of the central idea.
    D、none of the above

67、Which of the following is NOT the cue that the speaker is getting ready to stop his speech?
    A、“In conclusion, ...”
    B、“Let me end my speech by saying ...”
    C、“First of all, ...”
    D、none of the above

68、An outline is like a blueprint for a speech because .
    A、it allows you to see the full scope and content of your speech at a glance.
    B、it allows you to see the picture of your speech at a glance.
    C、it allows you to see the content of your speech at a glance.
    D、none of the above

69、The kind of speech which is very detailed and used for the planning stage is called the .
    A、preparation outline
    B、speaking outline
    C、general outline
    D、specific outline

70、What is the benefit of stating your specific purpose and central idea before the outline?
    A、It is easier for you to judge how well you have stated your purpose and central idea.
    B、It is easier for you to judge how well you have constructed the outline to communicate your central idea.
    C、It is easier for you to judge how well you have constructed the outline to achieve your purpose.
    D、none of the above

71、Which of the following statements is true about the most common system of outlining?
    A、In the most common system of outlining, main points are identified by capital letters, while subpoints are identified by Roman numerals.
    B、In the most common system of outlining, main points and subpoints are identified the way you like.
    C、A or B
    D、none of the above

72、In the preparation outline, in order to ensure that you develop your ideas fully, what should be done?
    A、State main points and subpoints with a single word.
    B、State main points and subpoints with a short phrase.
    C、State main points and subpoints in full sentences.
    D、none of the above

73、Which of the following is NOT a requirement for a good speech title?
    A、Be a question.
    B、Attract the attention of your audiencec
    C、Encapsulate the main thrust of your speech.
    D、none of the above

74、What is the way a speaker can use to make the speaking outline legible?
    A、use larger lettering
    B、leave extra space between lines
    C、type on both sides of the paper
    D、none of the above

75、Why should we keep the speaking outline as brief as possible?
    A、Because it’s not easy for you to write too many notes.
    B、Because too many notes will make it hard for you to maintain eye contact with your audience.
    C、Because too many notes will tempt you to look at it from a far distance.
    D、none of the above

76、The best way to remind the speaker how he/she will say what they want to say is .
    A、included in the speaking outline his/her delivery cues
    B、included in the speaking outline with full-sentence main points.
    C、included in the speaking outline special emphasis
    D、none of the above

77、What will you probably NOT include in a speaking outline?
    A、statistics
    B、quotations
    C、central idea
    D、none of the above

78、What are the two commonly used formats of bibliography?
    A、APA
    B、BPA
    C、MLA
    D、none of the above

79、What ensures that the speaker has worked out how to connect one idea with another?
    A、pauses
    B、transitions
    C、previews
    D、none of the above

80、The word “tiresome” means the following EXCEPT .
    A、boring
    B、dull
    C、tiring
    D、none of the above

81、“The difference between the right word and the almost right word is the difference between lighting and the lightning bug.” This is from .
    A、Winston Churchill
    B、Mark Twain
    C、Abraham Lincoln
    D、none of the above

82、Which statement is NOT correct about clutter in public speaking?
    A、It refers to the discourse that takes many more words than are necessary to express an idea.
    B、It refers to verbal garbage.
    C、It refers to a lot of sentences strung together.
    D、none of the above

83、What is imagery in public speaking?
    A、Choosing concrete words over abstract words is called imagery.
    B、The use of vivid language to create mental images of objects, actions, or ideas is called imagery.
    C、Using simile and metaphor is called imagery.
    D、none of the above

84、Which of the following statements best creates imagery?
    A、Love is the most beautiful thing in the world.
    B、Love is like a red, red rose in the morning.
    C、Love can heal a broken heart.
    D、none of the above

85、Which of the statements is NOT correct about metaphor?
    A、Unlike simile, metaphor does not contain the words “like” or “as.”
    B、Metaphor is an implicit comparison between things that are essentially different yet have something in common.
    C、Metaphors make it clear and obvious that you are comparing something to something else.
    D、none of the above

86、Which of the following sentences is a parallel structure?
    A、Give me liberty or I’d rather die.
    B、Give me liberty or give me death.
    C、Give me liberty or bring me death.
    D、none of the above

87、The four devices which contribute to the rhythm of language are parallelism, repetition, antithesis and .
    A、personification
    B、exaggeration
    C、alliteration
    D、none of the above

88、“I like to stay inside and she prefers to go outside; she enjoys swimming while I fear drowning.” Here in the speech, the device used to create rhythm is .
    A、antithesis
    B、assonance
    C、alliteration
    D、none of the above

89、In order to be language-conscious, what should NOT we do?
    A、We should read and listen to effective native speakers.
    B、We should study the native speakers’ techniques for achieving accuracy, clarity, and vividness and try to adapt those to his/her own speeches.
    C、We should study and copy the native speakers’ speeches.
    D、none of the above

90、If you are talking to a nonmedical audience, it is much more appropriate for you to say the word .
    A、fractured fibula
    B、broken leg
    C、catagma
    D、none of the above

91、A general rule for you to be appropriate to the audience is .
    A、to avoid slang and jargon
    B、to avoid technical terms and idioms
    C、to avoid rhetorival devices
    D、none of the above

92、In public speaking, a good delivery must convey the speakers’ ideas .
    A、clearly and interestingly
    B、without distracting the audience
    C、both the above
    D、none of the above

93、In circumstances where absolute accuracy is essential, which of the following methods of delivery is preferred?
    A、Reading verbatim from a manuscript
    B、Reciting a memorized text
    C、Speaking extemporaneous
    D、none of the above

94、Which method will a speaker use for a prepared speech competition like that in the CCTV Cup and the 21st Century Cup?
    A、Reading verbatim from a manuscript
    B、Reciting a memorized text
    C、Speaking impromptu
    D、none of the above

95、In order to be a good speaker, one must .
    A、have a golden voice, rich and resonant, that enthralls listeners
    B、learn to use his/her voice to the best effect
    C、learn how to sing beautifully first
    D、none of the above

96、Which of the following feedback from the audience means that you need to speak louder?
    A、They are looking puzzled and leaning forward in their seats.
    B、They are talking with each other in a low voice.
    C、They are wearing earplugs.
    D、none of the above

97、Which of the following is NOT a purpose of raising or lowering your voice in public speaking?
    A、To emphasize a point.
    B、To add dramatic effect.
    C、To wake up the sleepy audience.
    D、none of the above

98、Speaking in a monotone in public speaking tends to have the following effects EXCEPT .
    A、put the audience to sleep
    B、appear insincere
    C、take on a formal look
    D、none of the above

99、The best rate of speaking depends on .
    A、the vocal attributes of the speaker and the mood the speaker is trying to create
    B、the composition of the audience and the nature of occasion
    C、both the above
    D、none of the above

100、According to Professor Albert Mehrabian, body language conveys a whopping of of the message that the audience will remember and believe!
    A、0.55
    B、0.07
    C、0.38
    D、none of the above

101、Which of the following is NOT classified into the groups of body language which affect the outcome of a speech?
    A、Personal appearance and eye contact
    B、Gesture and movement
    C、Height and body shape of the speaker
    D、none of the above

102、Which of the following movement reveals that the speaker is inexperienced and very nervous?
    A、Pace back and forth across the podium.
    B、Repeatedly shift their weight from one foot to another.
    C、Appear calm, poised and confident when rising to speak.
    D、none of the above

103、In order to make body language natural, speakers need to do the following EXCEPT .
    A、Make body language consistent with the meaning of the words spoken.
    B、Use body language that can distinguish themselves from others.
    C、Practice in front of the mirror, the camera or a few of their trusted friends of family.
    D、none of the above

104、Which of the following is better shown with a model or a picture instead of the thing itself?
    A、An iPad.
    B、A spacecraft.
    C、A fishing rod.
    D、A cup you designed.

105、Visual learners learn better when they can ________.
    A、see or read
    B、listen or hear
    C、smell
    D、touch

106、The Civil War is a topic for speeches about _______.
    A、objects
    B、processes
    C、events
    D、concepts

107、Heimlich maneuver is most probably a topic for speeches about _______.
    A、objects
    B、processes
    C、events
    D、concepts

108、The theory of relativity is a topic for speeches about _______.
    A、objects
    B、processes
    C、events
    D、concepts

109、The Great Wall is a topic for speeches about _______.
    A、objects
    B、processes
    C、events
    D、concepts

110、If you want to inform your audience about why so many lives were lost when the ‘unsinkable’ ocean liner Titanic sank, you would most probably arrange it in ________ order.
    A、Topical
    B、problem-solution
    C、causal
    D、chronological

111、If you want to inform your audience about the artistic features of Mo Yan’s novels, you would most probably arrange it in ________ order.
    A、Topical
    B、problem-solution
    C、causal
    D、chronological

112、If you want to inform your audience about the historical development of Yuelu Academy, you would most probably arrange it in ________ order.
    A、Topical
    B、problem-solution
    C、causal
    D、chronological

113、If you say “ I enjoy bicycle riding”, you are making a statement about your personal like. It is a statement about ________.
    A、a question of policy
    B、a question of fact
    C、A or B
    D、none of the above

114、If you say “bicycle riding is the ideal form of land transportation,” you are making a statement about a question of _____.
    A、value
    B、policy
    C、fact
    D、none of the above

115、A persuasive speech on questions of value is usually a speech about whether something is _______.
    A、right or wrong
    B、should or should not
    C、true or not true
    D、none of the above

116、In public speaking, _______refers to appeals to listeners’ logic, reason, and rationality by using logical arguments and supporting evidence.
    A、pathos
    B、ethos
    C、logos
    D、none of the above

117、The other major element of logos is_________, which works in combination with evidence to help make the speaker persuasive.
    A、persuading
    B、reasoning
    C、arguing
    D、none of the above

118、____________means that you progress from a number of particular facts to a general conclusion.
    A、Reasoning form specific instances
    B、Analogical reasoning
    C、Causal reasoning
    D、none of the above

119、__________ means you reason by comparing two similar cases.
    A、Reasoning from principle
    B、Reasoning form specific instances
    C、Analogical reasoning
    D、none of the above

120、______refers to appealing to a person by influencing their emotions.
    A、Ethos
    B、Logos
    C、Pathos
    D、none of the above

121、_________ is tailor-made for policy speeches that inspire people to take action.
    A、Motivated sequence
    B、Problem-cause- solution order
    C、Comparative advantages order
    D、none of the above

122、There are ______ basic steps in motivated sequence.
    A、five
    B、four
    C、three
    D、six

123、Motivated sequence is also known as ______ motivated sequence.
    A、Monroe’s
    B、Aristotle’s
    C、Obama’s
    D、none of the above

124、The final step in motivated sequence is the _______step, in which a speaker asks an audience to approve his or her proposal.
    A、action
    B、needs
    C、satisfaction
    D、none of the above

125、When you are demonstrating comparative advantages, the items you are comparing need to be _________equivalents
    A、functional
    B、logical
    C、theoretical
    D、none of the above

126、Suppose you are going to give a speech on the topic that our campus should adopt a zero-tolerance policy for hate speech. What pattern would you follow in organizing your speech?
    A、Problem-cause- solution order
    B、Motivated sequence
    C、Comparative advantages order
    D、none of the above

127、“Because that patch of ice was there, I fell and broke my arm.” This is an example of ______.
    A、causal reasoning
    B、analogical reasoning
    C、reasoning from principle
    D、none of the above

128、Which of the following is not the purpose of a speech of introduction? ______
    A、to build the audience’s enthusiasm for the upcoming speaker
    B、to build the audience’s enthusiasm for the topic
    C、to establish a welcoming climate
    D、to express thanks for the upcoming speaker

129、If you are asked by your teacher to explain “Gender Stereotype” to your classmates, then your words fall into the category of _______.
    A、a presentation
    B、a speech of presentation
    C、a speech of introduction
    D、a commemorative speech

130、Which of the following is the purpose of a commemorative speech? ______
    A、to inform the audience of the person honored
    B、to inspire the audience’s appreciation and admiration for the person honored
    C、to give thanks to the person honored
    D、to give the basic information of the person honored

131、Which of the following is not the common occasion for a speech of toast? ______
    A、a wedding ceremony
    B、a birthday party
    C、an award ceremony
    D、an anniversary party

132、Which of the following depends more on the use of language?
    A、toast
    B、a commemorative speech
    C、a speech of acceptance
    D、a speech of introduction

133、When we debate, we _____.
    A、quarrel and aggress.
    B、make ourselves more logical and persuasive.
    C、can hurt the other side to defend our argument.
    D、none of the above

134、Which of the following is NOT true?
    A、Through debating, we learn to think from different perspectives.
    B、Through debating, we want to find out the reasonable truth.
    C、Through debating, we know that many things in our life do not deserve debating or discussing.
    D、none of the above

135、Since its adoption by the _____, the BP format has spread around the world and is now the most widely practiced format of debating.
    A、FLTRP
    B、China Open
    C、WUDC
    D、none of the above

136、Motions are _____.
    A、the topics that speakers debate about
    B、the arguments that speakers offer in a debate
    C、the compromises that speakers make in a debate
    D、none of the above

137、A speech maker who owns good critical thinking ability is more probably a good speaker. ______.

138、It’s unnecessary for a speech maker to put himself/ herself in a listener’s place and to hear the speech through the listeners’ ears. _______.

139、Visualization means you create a mental blueprint of your speech. _______.

140、The less effort a speaker put in preparing a speech, the less responsible and ethical he/she is. _______

141、A scapegoat is a person or a group unfairly blamed for some real or imagined wrong. _______

142、A successful speaker can talk whatever he/she wants. _______.

143、A dramatic, interesting opening makes your audience want to hear more. _______

144、The introduction doesn’t orient listeners toward the subject matter of your speech. _______.

145、You need to finish a single task in the conclusion: let the audience know you are about to finish your speech. ______.

146、When preparing an official speech, the first thing we need to do is to find a good speech topic _______.

147、Personal inventory should not involve expressions irrelevant to the speech topic_______.

148、Through free-associating, you might find a topic you want _______.

149、Topical order is used more often than any other method of speech organization, because it is applicable to almost any subject and to any kind of speech. _____.

150、A speech is just like a movie in that the director must be sure that viewers can follow the plot from beginning to end. _____.

151、Quotations in the introduction are relatively long, so that the audience can fully understand what you are going to say _____.

152、A good speaker should raise only one question to introduce a speech in order not to distract the audience _____.

153、You should put as much information on the slide as possible so the audience can learn more.

154、PowerPoint is a must when you give a presentation or deliver a speech.

155、Text slides are not necessary if the information can be easily understood in spoken form.

156、PowerPoint is the most widely used visual aid because it can combine all other forms of visual aids.

157、If an object you want to use as an visual aid is too big or not available, you may show a model or a picture of it instead.

158、Bar graphs are useful in representing data with distinct units, such as years and months.

159、The speaker cannot be used as a visual aid.

160、Showing a photo or a picture while sharing your information makes your spoken words more engaging and memorable.

161、If you show too many images and too many messages on a slide, your listeners might fail to follow what you are saying because their eyes are roving over the slide.

162、You should create your outline before you think about using PowerPoint or any other visual aids.

163、To avoid abstraction, you need to use the familiar to explain the unfamiliar.

164、Repetition, acronyms and visual aids are three ways to help listener remember key information.

165、From the examples shown in chapter 13, an acronym is a word formed by combining the last letters of a few related words.

166、One approach to speeches about concepts is to define the concept you are dealing with, identify its major elements, and illustrate it with specific examples.

167、When explaining concepts, you should try to use technical language to appear more authoritative.

168、Usually a speech of presentation is made at an award ceremony and is always followed by a speech of acceptance.

169、The main purpose of a speech of acceptance is to tell the audience why the recipient is receiving the award.

170、Martin Luther King’s speech---I Have A Dream is a commemorative speech.

171、The commemorative speech is usually very brief.

172、The speech of acceptance and the speech of presentation are usually very brief.

173、In an acceptance speech, you should thank the contributors to your success, but not the organization that gives you the award.

174、The purpose of a toast is to make the honored person feel good.

175、“FLTRP Cup” English Public Speaking Contest was once called “CCTV Cup” English Speaking Contest.

176、“FLTRP Cup” English Public Speaking Contest consists of an offline contest and an online contest.

177、“FLTRP Cup” English Debating Competition employs American Parliamentary Debating Style now.

178、In Campus Selections of the “FLTRP Cup” English Debating Competition, two students can voluntarily form a team and each team is supposed to compete with other teams in rounds of debates.

179、“21 Century Cup” English Speaking Competition is sponsored by 21st Century.

180、The champion in “FLTRP Cup” English Public Speaking Contest will represent China to participate in the annual International Public Speaking Competition.

181、The teams in debating competition shall be ranked according to their total team points, total speaker points, and win-loss records.

182、The prizes for the champions in the four competitions usually consist of an exchange program in foreign countries.

183、Self-promotion in “Star of Outlook” English Talent Competition is just like self-introduction which offers some basic information about someone.

184、In the preliminary contests of “21 Century Cup” English Speaking Competition, the top 5 with the most online votes can advance to the next round directly.

185、Among the four competitions, the one with the most viewers must be “Star of Outlook” English Talent Competition.

186、In “FLTRP Cup” English Debating Competition, there are four teams on the stage, with two debaters on each team.

187、The first four speakers are known as the lower house in a BP debate, and the next four speakers are the upper house in a debate. _____

188、During each of the debate speeches, debaters from the opposite side can not interrupt it. _____

189、In a debate, speakers can choose the side according to their beliefs. _____

190、Speakers’ efforts to offer POIs and to respond to POIs will be taken into consideration by judges. _____

191、The two Whip speakers are to analyze the motion from different perspectives and offer new arguments. _____

192、When making rebuttals in a debate, critical thinking plays a very important role. _____.

193、When preparing for a debate speech, we should base our arguments on our personal experience and assumptions. _____

194、In a debate, it is how fluently you speak that decides whether you win or not. _____