第一单元

第一单元检测

1、Which one is with the greatest importance when preparing for an informative presentation?
    A、Customizing the presentation for the audience
    B、Setting take-home message
    C、Considering presentation organization
    D、None of the above

2、A good speech requires a clear structure and ______.
    A、logical reasoning
    B、a humorous beginning
    C、informal language
    D、a lot of gestures

3、The most important feature of good arguments in a debate should be_______.
    A、logical
    B、passionate
    C、optimistic
    D、moving

4、Which of the following is NOT an informative presentation?
    A、An engineer reporting the progress of his project.
    B、An expert educating the audience on life saving skills.
    C、A company explaining a new product to the public at a conference.
    D、A famous schoolmate persuading college graduates to study abroad.

5、The followings are the main benefits of a debate except ________.
    A、helping people make informed decisions
    B、helping people know more about the world
    C、helping people cooperate
    D、helping people become more passionate

6、If a university administrator is to introduce the campus and facilities to overseas students studying at the university, which of the following should he consider while preparing for the presentation? ___________ (多选题).
    A、Languages of the overseas students.
    B、Interests of the overseas students.
    C、Majors of the overseas students.
    D、Height of the overseas students.

7、If an education exchange institution is making a speech attracting more people to join their overseas study program, which of the following should be included in the speech? (多选)
    A、Benefits of studying abroad.
    B、Loneliness of overseas students.
    C、Successful experiences of their overseas study program.
    D、Advantages of their programs.

8、With the motion “Foreign university rankings should not be the decisive factor in choosing a school”, which perspectives should you consider when preparing the debate? (多选)
    A、General criterion of most college students in choosing a foreign university.
    B、Reasons for applying current standard.
    C、Advantages and disadvantages of the current standard.
    D、Recommendation of other choices.

第二单元

第二单元检测

1、You’d better put __________ in your slides.
    A、complete and long sentences
    B、the whole passage
    C、simple phrases and key words
    D、paragraphs

2、Which of the following statements is NOT right about body language?
    A、Eye contact can enhance speaker’s impact as a presenter.
    B、Smile has the function of covering up the nervousness of speaker.
    C、The speaker should always smile even when he/she expresses the emotion of pity.
    D、The speaker’s facial expressions should match his/her emotion.

3、If you feel too nervous to look into the eyes of the audience, you may look at ____.
    A、the audience’s hands
    B、the audience’s noses
    C、the ceiling
    D、the ground

4、When the debater says: “My partner and I have come up with some definitions to further clarify this round. Our first definition is death. We define it as both brain and cardiac death. Our second definition is organs. …”, what is the debater doing?
    A、Arguing with his own team member.
    B、Arguing with the other team member.
    C、Doing motion defining.
    D、Making a conclusion.

5、The following terms should be defined in the motion “AI will take the place of language teachers in China in the future.” except for________.
    A、AI
    B、place
    C、language teachers
    D、future

6、If you are to design PowerPoint slides with the topic of “AI and my future career”, what should be the main parts in your slides?
    A、Key message: Learning to work with AI in my future career.
    B、Powerful headline: AI: A helping hand in my career.
    C、A complete movie.
    D、Preview/review slide (outlines indicating why and how to work with AI).

7、Jimmy was practicing a speech with his friends. He was told that his gestures were not appropriate. Which of the following behavior of Jimmy should be avoided to make good gestures in a speech?
    A、put his hand in and out of pocket frequently.
    B、wave his two hands high above his head.
    C、make gestures just in front of his face.
    D、give a gesture while emphasizing something.

8、With the motion “Beauty contests should be abolished”, the debater may define the motion as “The beauty contests whose contestants are under 18 should not be allowed”. Which of the following steps have been taken in this process?
    A、The key words “ beauty contests” and “abolished” are located.
    B、The literal meaning of the term “beauty contests” is given as “ competitions traditionally focusing on judging and ranking the physical attributes of the contestants”.
    C、The literal meaning of the term “be abolished” is given as “ not be allowed”.
    D、The key term “beauty contests” is narrowed down as “the beauty contests whose contestants are under 18”.

单元作业(1)

1、Practice the quotations by imitating the speaker in section 4 of unit 2. Record your voice, and upload in MP3 form. 1. Success in creating AI would be the biggest event in human history. Unfortunately, it might also be the last, unless we learn how to avoid the risks. 2.The thing that's going to make artificial intelligence so powerful is its ability to learn, and the way AI learns is to look at human culture. 3.Machines are already undertaking tasks which were unthinkable- if not.unimaginable- a decade ago. 4. Some people call this artificial intelligence, but the reality is this technology will enhance us. So instead of artificial intelligence, I think we'll augment our intelligence. 5. Nobody phrases it this way, but I think that artificial intelligence is almost a humanities discipline. It's really an attempt to understand human intelligence and human cognition.

第三单元

第三单元检测

1、If an informative presentation starts with: “Every second, a slice of rainforest, the size of a football field, is mowed down. That's over 31 million football fields of rainforest each year”, what opening method is used?
    A、Giving quotations.
    B、Giving questions.
    C、Giving statistics.
    D、Using a ‘what if’ scenario.

2、If an informative presentation starts with: “The idea of buying low and selling high is wrong!”, what opening method is used?
    A、Using the word ‘imagine’.
    B、Giving questions.
    C、Giving pictures.
    D、Giving a provocative statement.

3、If a presenter says, “Today I’d like to tell you about three smart ways to save your money while traveling. In my brief presentation we’ll begin by . . . Then I’ll give another smart way . . . and finally I’d like to talk about . . .”, he is giving______.
    A、an introduction
    B、a conclusion
    C、an opening
    D、a debate

4、When you announce your opinion in your speech, you’d better___________ .
    A、speed up a bit
    B、slow down a bit
    C、keep your pace of speech unchanged
    D、lower the volume of your voice

5、If you are going to tell your audience a story about your childhood, and create an cozy and warm atmosphere, you should ________.
    A、speed up and rise the volume
    B、speed up and decrease the volume
    C、slow down and speak softly
    D、slow down and speak firmly with power

6、When the debater says, “ According to the newly released research by WHO, about 600 million Chinese are short-sighted,” he/she is talking from the perspective of _________.
    A、changing importance
    B、decreasing importance
    C、quantitative significance
    D、qualitative significance

7、When you stand on the stage, delivering a speech with a microphone, which of the following is NOT appropriate?(多选)
    A、Shout with the largest volume.
    B、Murmur to yourself.
    C、Hold the microphone directly to your mouth.
    D、Take a deep breath before you start speaking.

8、Which of the following are possible benefits of taking a budget tour?
    A、Broadening one’s horizon.
    B、Seeing different people.
    C、Experiencing different culture
    D、Learning to be independent.

第四单元

第四单元检测

1、While presenting the topic “Chinese ancient culture and Indian ancient culture”, the speaker first reports Chinese ancient culture with four main features and its history, then introduces those of Indian ancient culture. Which pattern does the speaker apply to make comparison and contrast in this presentation?
    A、Point-by-point pattern.
    B、Point-by-subject pattern.
    C、Subject-by-subject pattern.
    D、Subject-by-point pattern.

2、When introducing to a tour group to America about what they should do when encountering any emergencies or other problems, which of the following body structures might the speaker use?
    A、Comparison and contrast.
    B、Problem-solution order.
    C、Cause-effect order.
    D、Topical order.

3、When designing a question for the beginning part of your speech, you should_______.
    A、make up a question based on the audience analysis
    B、raise a very difficult question to your audience.
    C、choose a question according to your own preference.
    D、invent a new question that has never been asked before.

4、For the motion: Museums should return their collected artifacts to the home countries, when the oppositional team says:" if the motion is implemented, museums will be discouraged from collecting artifacts, then a lot of first-class artwork might get lost", the team is to present _______ that might be caused by the motion.
    A、physical injury
    B、lack of money
    C、lack of authority
    D、counterplan

5、When the speaker gives the hypothesis that Chinese young people are more and more concerned about national culture, which of the following evidence might be used to support the hypothesis? (多选)
    A、Han Chinese clothing (汉服)has become more and more popular in some community activities of young people.
    B、A large number of young people are seen in TV programs exhibiting their knowledge of Chinese classic poems.
    C、Campus interviews indicate that majorities of young people are aware of their responsibility in inheriting national culture.
    D、Young people are increasingly interested in practising calligraphy and Chinese painting.

6、Usually in the ending part of a speech, speakers would choose to refer back to the lead-in part. What are the benefit(s) of doing that?
    A、It will leave a strong final impression on the audience.
    B、It will give a sense of connection and closure.
    C、It will help your audience recall your speech.
    D、It will help re-emphasize your main idea.

7、Which of the following stories can support the idea “the Chinese culture will be carried forward in the era of globalization” in a public speech?
    A、Foreigners are increasingly interested in Martial arts and Confucianism.
    B、Some famous Chinese calligraphy and ink painting works are displayed in well-known museums around the world.
    C、The young generation in China celebrate both Christmas and Spring Festival.
    D、Chinese senior citizens take square dancing as one of their favorite activities.

8、What are the possible disadvantages of a motion?
    A、Physical injury.
    B、Cultural depreciation.
    C、Low quality of life.
    D、Psychological injury.

单元作业(2)

1、Deliver a speech on the topic of “Harmony”. The speech length should be about 60-90 seconds. Upload your recording in mp3 form.

第五单元

第五单元检测

1、In a survey report on the present situation of females in the job market, the presenter says: “We recommend that successful females should share their experience and influence more females with their positive values and power.” Which of the following techniques are applied here in this ending part?
    A、suggesting a solution
    B、making a prediction
    C、giving a comment
    D、making a summary

2、When the speaker ends the presentation by saying: “Every day girls around the world are fighting for their freedom. On this International Day of the Girl, join them and raise your voice”, the speaker is using the technique of ________.
    A、rhetorical questions
    B、quotation
    C、call for action
    D、story

3、Which of the following are “representative” stories in a speech?
    A、Typical stories supporting the key idea.
    B、Stories familiar to most people.
    C、Stories frequently used in famous speeches.
    D、Stories of fantasy.

4、Which of the following are NOT right about choosing stories in a speech?
    A、Avoid overriding stories
    B、Include detail in stories
    C、Apply some humor in stories
    D、Use as many stories as possbile.

5、Suppose the propositional case is: Women should quit their jobs and become stay-at-home moms, which of the following arguments is the most important and should be attacked?
    A、It is harder or even impossible for women to balance housework and their jobs nowadays for some reasons.
    B、Women are born to be housewives.
    C、Whether women should stay at home is decided by their working abilities.
    D、It’s easier for stay-at-home moms to build a harmonious relationship in the family.

6、Which of the following are appropriate in restating ideas in the ending part of a presentation?
    A、Using synonymous expressions.
    B、Adopting different sentence patterns.
    C、Repeating the same sentences in introduction.
    D、Keeping the key words.

7、Michelle uses the story of her daughters’ first day at new school to persuade the public to vote for Hillary because she knows________________.
    A、the story is relevant to the purpose of voting for a president who cares about children
    B、the story can build resonance in her audience’s mind for most of her audience are middle-aged women.
    C、the story is representative and most American families may have similar worries
    D、the details included in the story can help create vivid picture of insecurity in the audience’s mind

8、Which of the following is the right way to refute in a debate?
    A、Attacking logical leap.
    B、Attacking motion defining.
    C、Attacking relevance.
    D、Attacking impact.

第六单元

第六单元检测

1、Which sentence can be used to get the audience’s attention with an intriguing beginning?
    A、Have you ever thought about…?
    B、Today, we are going to talk about…
    C、My presentation is in three parts.
    D、I’d now like to move on to…

2、Which of the following is NOT correct about using data in your speech?
    A、Your data should be updated.
    B、Use data as much as possible since they are convincing.
    C、You may simplify some data so that your audience can get them quickly.
    D、To help the audience better understand the data, you need to situate them in a familiar context.

3、By saying “Then, we can safely conclude that the self-employment will lead to even more serious economic and social problems...”, the debater is making a refutation by_______.
    A、impacting
    B、repeating
    C、refuting
    D、replacing

4、Motion: College graduates should be encouraged to be self-employed. Argument: Job security keeps decreasing nowadays. Even if a college graduate finds a stable job, it is highly possible for him to lose it after a period of time. Which of the following sentences might the debater use to repeat, or identify the argument he is going to refute?
    A、However from our perspective, jobs are no longer as stable as they once were...
    B、Due to the fact that jobs are no longer as stable as they once were, ...
    C、As is mentioned by the propositional side, jobs are no longer as stable as they once were,...
    D、So, we believe that jobs are no longer as stable as they once were...

5、Where should we use transitions?
    A、At the beginning of the presentation.
    B、In the body of the presentation.
    C、At the end of the presentation.
    D、All of the above.

6、Which expressions of transition can be used to emphasize the main points of your presentation? (多选)
    A、By the end of the presentation, you will understand...
    B、As you remember, we are concerned with...
    C、This ties in with the most important statement...
    D、This relates directly to the question I put to you before...

7、When you use a quotation to support your idea, you need to take into consideration whether______. (多选)
    A、the quotation is easy to understand
    B、the quotation is directly linked to the idea
    C、you have identified the person you quote
    D、the quotation is world famous.

8、Which of the following expressions are appropriate in leading to the third step of refutation: Replacing? (多选)
    A、On account of….
    B、However from our perspective…
    C、Due to the fact that…
    D、Because ..

单元作业(3)

1、Deliver a speech on the topic of “If I were Jack Ma”. The length of the speech should be about 60-90 seconds. Upload your recording in mp3 form.

第七单元

第七单元检测

1、Which of the following statements is NOT correct in terms of language appropriateness in presentation.
    A、If your audience do not have professional knowledge, you’d better paraphrase the technical terms with general terms, or add translation to the technical terms.
    B、In some formal settings, such as academic presentations, you might want to use more formal words than informal expressions.
    C、Avoid using any offensive terms in your presentation such as “fat”, “stupid”, etc.
    D、You may choose formal or informal words in presentation according to your own preference.

2、When the speaker wants to add balance and rhythm to sentences, and give ideas a smoother flow by repetition, he usually uses the method of_______.
    A、storytelling
    B、parallel structure
    C、analogy
    D、quotation

3、Parallel structures are highly recommended to speakers in persuasive speech for ______.
    A、listing items
    B、reaching climax
    C、calling for actions
    D、all of the above

4、If you are going to point out a fallacy, you should start by saying:________.
    A、It is a fallacy that…
    B、There is a fallacy: it is really stupid to say…
    C、If you are smart enough, you would see there is a fallacy…
    D、There is a fallacy: it is really insane to say…

5、For the argument that “peak oil means that we need nuclear power as a substitute”, how should we point out that it is a fallacy?
    A、It is a fallacy because oil and nuclear power are different things.
    B、It is a fallacy because oil is safer than nuclear power.
    C、It is a fallacy because oil is mainly burnt for transport while nuclear power for electricity and they serve different purposes.
    D、It is a fallacy because oil is cheaper than nuclear power.

6、What is the language feature of the sentence: Books are to mankind what memory is to individual?
    A、Parallel structure.
    B、Analogy .
    C、Data.
    D、None of the above.

7、Which of the following are effective ways to modify and monitor your language in presentations? (多选)
    A、Raise awareness of your ‘recurrent’ grammatical mistakes so that you will be more cautious in your presentation.
    B、Record your own speech and transcribe it so as to identify your grammatical mistakes.
    C、Revise your script and slides several times after completing the draft.
    D、Rehearse your presentation and have someone evaluate your performance.

8、Which of the following are appropriate recovery phrases to correct any mistakes in your presentation?
    A、Let me just say that in another way, ...
    B、What I mean to say is...
    C、Perhaps I can rephrase that.
    D、Put another way, this means...

第八单元

第八单元检测

1、Which of the following is NOT the reason for the speaker to repeat or paraphrase the question before giving the answer?
    A、It gives the speaker time to read between the lines so as to totally understand the question.
    B、It gives the speaker time to figure out what answer the audience expect.
    C、It can help to make sure that the audience get and understand the question.
    D、It can help to extend the presentation a little longer.

2、Which of the following is NOT the correct response if embarrassing silence occurs in Q & A session?
    A、Say directly “A question that people often ask me is…”, then proceed with one of the questions you’ve prepared in advance and spend time answering it.
    B、Go to a specific point you made in your presentation; ask your audience: What do you think of the idea that...?
    C、Ask the audience: Do you agree with me in saying that...?
    D、Wait and Wait and Wait till someone offers a question. /Sing a song for the audience.

3、What should you do if you feel nervous on the stage?
    A、Try to finish the speech as soon as possible.
    B、Avoid eye contact with the audience.
    C、Tell yourself that you are the authority, and most of the audience are friendly to you.
    D、Lower your voice so that no one would find any mistakes.

4、Which of the following is NOT appropriate for using microphone?
    A、Pre-test the microphone.
    B、Keep it as close as possible to your mouth.
    C、Keep it neither too far nor too close to your mouth.
    D、Adjust your volume according to the audience’s response.

5、By saying “And now let me conclude today’s debate by comparing two major clashes and find out why propositional side did a better job...”, the debater is _____.
    A、providing an honest and accurate comparison
    B、highlighting the importance of contributions made by his side
    C、refuting the arguments offered by the other side
    D、demonstrating the superiority of his side in the clashes

6、What is the correct sequence in “Debate Format”?
    A、Case construction, Counter-case construction, Refutation and Closing speeches.
    B、Counter-case construction, Refutation, Case construction and Closing speeches.
    C、Refutation, Case construction, Counter-case construction and Closing speeches.
    D、Case construction, Refutation, Counter-case construction, and Closing speeches.

7、What are the key elements in delivering an informative presentation?
    A、Preparing your presentation: Don’t forget your Take-Home message.
    B、Designing your PowerPoint slides smartly: Display only the main and significant points.
    C、Structuring your presentation with an opening and introduction to catch the audience’s attention; a body structure to build clear and logic relationship of the ideas; an ending part summarizing key elements and key appeal of your presentation impressively.
    D、Effective ways to achieve smooth transition, monitor your language, and handle Q & A in your presentation.

8、What are the three key elements in a public speech?
    A、Language
    B、Content
    C、Delivery
    D、Passion

期末考试

期末考试

1、If a university administrator is to introduce the campus and facilities to overseas students studying at the university, which of the following should NOT be considered while he prepares for the presentation?
    A、Languages of the overseas students.
    B、Interests of the overseas students.
    C、Majors of the overseas students.
    D、Height of the overseas students.

2、The main purpose of opening in an informative presentation is to _________.
    A、suggest a solution to a problem
    B、grab the audience’s attention
    C、outline the presentation
    D、answer the questions of the audience

3、Which of the following statements is NOT right about body language?
    A、The speaker should just stare at a familiar face among the audience if he/she feels too nervous all the time.
    B、Smile has the function of covering up the nervousness of speaker.
    C、Eye contact can enhance speaker’s impact as a presenter.
    D、The speaker’s facial expressions should match his/her emotion.

4、Which of the following is right about choosing stories in a speech?
    A、Avoid overriding stories.
    B、Use as many stories as possible.
    C、Apply as many details in a story as possible.
    D、Never apply old stories.

5、Which is NOT right about parallel structures?
    A、Parallel structures are highly recommended when speakers want to list items.
    B、Parallel structures are of great help when speakers want to call for action.
    C、Parallel structures are at the best service when speakers want to help audience to reach the climax of their emotion.
    D、Parallel structures should not be used at the end of the speech.

6、What should the debater refute?
    A、Every argument.
    B、Weak arguments.
    C、Minor arguments.
    D、Important arguments.

7、Which of the following is right in describing a fallacy?
    A、A fallacy is the interesting reasoning in an argument.
    B、A fallacy is a story in an argument.
    C、A fallacy is something people laugh at.
    D、A fallacy is a logical mistake.

8、Which of the following is NOT the benefit of a debate ?
    A、Informed decisions will be easier to make.
    B、The world will be better understood.
    C、Teamwork spirit would be promoted.
    D、People will become more passionate with debate.

9、Alan is required to give a speech to introduce the latest development of AI next week. This is a(n) ______ speech.
    A、informative
    B、persuasive
    C、ceremonial
    D、unprepared

10、When do you need to slow down a little bit and speak firmly and loudly in a speech?
    A、When telling the audience a humorous story.
    B、When telling the audience a sad story.
    C、When telling the audience an interesting story.
    D、When emphasizing your topic sentence.

11、When you decide to put a question in your speech to arouse the audience’s interest, you should _______.
    A、try your best to challenge them
    B、give them a question that they could not answer
    C、stand on their shoes to see whether the question is too easy or too difficult
    D、give the simplest question to make sure they know the answer

12、While delivering a speech with a microphone, you should ________.
    A、shout out with the largest volume
    B、murmur to yourself
    C、put the microphone near to your mouth as close as possible
    D、put the microphone near to your mouth but with a distance of about 3-5cm

13、Which of the following are the main functions of transitions in a presentation?
    A、Indicating the information structure of your presentation.
    B、Helping the audience follow your presentation easily.
    C、Indicating the relationship between points of your presentation.
    D、Summarizing main idea of the presentation.

14、Raymond makes a speech in front of the class. He is told that that his gestures have made his classmates feel uncomfortable. Which of the followings will be helpful when practicing gestures?
    A、Give a gesture while emphasizing a point.
    B、Avoid too many gestures.
    C、Wave his two hands high above his head frequently in order to push the audience’s emotion to the climax.
    D、Wave his two hands just in front of the face.

15、If you are to design PowerPoint slides with the topic of “AI and my future career”, which of the following should be included as the main parts in your slides?
    A、Key message: Learning to work with AI in my future career.
    B、A complete movie about AI.
    C、A complete passage about AI.
    D、Preview/review slide (outlines indicating why and how to work with AI).

16、When the speaker gives the hypothesis that national culture has been valued by more and more Chinese young people, which of the following evidence might be used to support the hypothesis? (多选)
    A、Han Chinese clothing (汉服)has become more and more popular in some community activities of young people.
    B、A large number of young people are seen in TV programs exhibiting their knowledge of Chinese ancient poems.
    C、The number of women dancing in the square with the folk music has increased a lot.
    D、Young people are increasingly interested in practising calligraphy and Chinese painting.

17、Why do most speakers usually repeat or paraphrase the question before giving the answer?
    A、It gives the speaker time to read between the lines so as to totally understand the question.
    B、It gives the speaker time to figure out what answer the audience expect.
    C、It can help to make sure that the audience get and understand the question.
    D、It can help to make the presentation last a little longer.

18、Which of the following are the responsibilities of the last debater when making a debate summary?
    A、To refute the extension offered by the opponent.
    B、To defend the extension offered by his side.
    C、To summarize the debate from the perspective of his side.
    D、To give new arguments for his side.

19、Which of the following are approrpiate in the ending part of a speech?
    A、Give a totally new opinion.
    B、Emphasize your opinion again with some different expressions.
    C、Make a connection with your beginning part to form a loop.
    D、Use parallel structures to create a climax.

20、Which of the following are appropriate responses if embarrassing silence occurs in Q & A session?
    A、Say directly “A question that people often ask me is…”, then proceed with one of the questions you’ve prepared in advance and spend time answering it.
    B、Go to a specific point you made in your presentation; ask your audience: What do you think of the idea that...?
    C、Sing a song for the audience.
    D、Wait and Wait and Wait till someone offers a question.